Dental Surgery in Tunisia
Orthodontics

Orthodontics is a specialty that can correct dental malpositions and deformities of jaws with teeth to restore function and aesthetics.

 

Procedure presentation

Orthodontics is to align the teeth changing their positions to improve the appearance and operation. Orthodontics can also improve facial appearance and operation of the jaws and joints.

Incorrect positioning can make teeth more susceptible to decay, promote gum infection and affect the dental health in general.

We can correct overlapping teeth and get them to the desired position by exerting gentle pressure on them for several months. The dentist may himself make orthodontic treatment if he has the skills, or he may entrust the work to a specialist orthodontist.

Orthodontics vs. Orthopaedics

When only overlapping teeth, orthodontic problems can be corrected by wearing a wire and boxes to align the teeth (braces).

When the problem concerns the size of the jaws and the relationship between them (eg the lower jaw is much smaller than the upper or the lower jaw is advanced relative to the upper jaw), but rather an orthopedic problem. This kind of problem can be corrected by wearing devices that would correct the proportions of each jaw. This is best done before or during adolescence, but in some cases, we may correct orthopedic problems in adulthood. In cases of extreme bad relations between the jaws, if the problem is not corrected early, only one orthognathic surgery (jaw surgery) can correct the maxillary adulthood.

Braces do not necessarily align the teeth. Orthodontic treatment may be necessary after orthopedic treatment, and this, generally in their teens and sometimes even into adulthood.

Braces

  • An orthopedic device removable, that is to say an apparatus usually has one or more screws turn, the jaw on the top, bottom, or both. It is not attached to the teeth, and can be removed for cleaning. But it is generally advisable to wear it as long as possible.
  • Fixed brace, which looks like the removable brace, but that is fixed (glued) on the teeth and can not be removed from the mouth.
  • Enclosure system and son (braces), comprising housings glued on the front of each tooth, and a wire is aligned all these teeth.
  • Invisible orthodontics, recent technology that is to align the teeth by a system of clear aligners to be changed every two or three weeks.
  • Space maintainer, which resembles a removable brace, but no screws to turn. It is usually worn on the upper jaw.
  • Lingual wire is a fixed wire bonded to the back surface of the teeth to keep their positions after orthodontic treatment. This thread can stay on the teeth for a lifetime.
  • Enclosure system lingual, recent technology, which is very costly and boxes stuck to the back teeth so they do not appear.

Orthodontic Treatment

The time required for treatment varies from person to person. The duration depends on the severity of the problem, the available space for the teeth, the degree of overlap dental health teeth and gums, and discipline of the patient to follow instructions.

On average, a brace must be extended from 6 to 12 months, and comprehensive orthodontic treatment can last from 1 to 3 years. When the boxes (pins) are removed, most patients must wear a space maintainer for at least 6 months, and in some cases for life.

Orthodontics and patient age

The mechanical process to move teeth is the same at any age. The beneficial effect of orthodontic treatment is then available for children and for adults wishing to improve their appearances and their chewing. The main difference of treatment in adults is that the treatment can last a little longer because the jaws are not growing, and it may need to be accompanied by an orthognathic surgery (jaw surgery).

Post-Orthodontic Treatment

When the boxes are removed, the dentist or orthodontist can take more X-rays, and other impressions of the teeth. If the wisdom teeth start coming out, the dentist may advise removing them to prevent the aligned teeth change position.

A space maintainer must then be worn, and with discipline to avoid relapse. This equipment must be worn at all times during the first 6 to 12 months, and then only during sleep for a few months or years longer.

Wearing a space maintainer is very important, because the teeth that were aligned are not completely fixed in their new positions until the bones, gums and muscles adapt to change.

Example

Dental Surgery in Tunisia - Orthodontics
Brace

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